ENT Mnemonics Doctors Medical Graduates on the Internet

Ent mnemonics doctors medical graduates on the internet

Do you know you can learn the medical terminologies or concepts in key phrases or terms that will last in your memory? Yes! There are numerous ways you can dive into the details of a particular disease and its medications. Now making mnemonics depends upon you, it could be Plain or funny.


Before diving into the list of mnemonics, you must familiarize yourself with this term. Also, there are a few strategies that most students premediate for revitalizing the concepts. Being a medical graduate, you might be familiar with some of the mnemonics, but most common comes from basic classes, which are music, names, expression, rhyme, color, note, phrase, image, spellings, connections, or some model. Whether you are preparing for PLAB, USMLE, NEET or AMC make learning easy for you by memorizing the mnemonics. Keeping the aspirants’ concerns, here is the compiled list of some ENT mnemonics. Though it falls under short subjects for the IMGs exam it is the most scored subject.



  1. SAL figured out PMS:

Distal to Proximal

  • Superior Thyroid
  • Ascending laryngeal
  • Lingual
  • Facial
  • Occipital
  • Post Auricular
  • Maxillary
  • Superficial
  1. Atrophic rhinitis

(ATROPI In young Girls)

  • Antibiotic spray
  • Teflon paste
  • Remove crust
  • Oestradial therapy
  • Placental extact
  • Potassium iodide
  • Irrigation
  • Insert fat cartilage
  • Young operation
  • Glucose in glycerine
  • Girls– (femae more affected)
  1. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma:



  • Neck mass
  • Obstructed nasal passage
  • Serous otitis media externa
  • Epistaxis or discharge
  1. Ear drops: direction to pull ear when instilling
  • For a grown UP it is UP.
  • For a chilD it is Down.
    1. Oral pharyngeal cancers: Aetiology
      (6 S’s):
  • Smoking
  • Spicy food
  • Syphilis
  • Spirits
  • Sore tooth
  • Sepsis

6. Complications for canal wall-down procedures
(3 D’s)

  • Discharge
  • Deafness
  • Dizziness
  1. Theories for origin of cholesteatoma
  • Congenital theory
  • Ruedi’s theory
  • Wittmaacks’s theory (use W instead of U)
  • Saade’s theory
  • Habermann’s theory
  1. Contraindications of stapedectomy


  • Infections in ext/middle ear
  • Perforation should be closed first
  • Only hearing the ear is a contraindication
  • Deafness (sensorineural)
  • Ossicular necrosis
  • Cholesterol granuloma
  • Atrophic tympanic membrane and atelectatic middle ear
  • Retraction pockets and cholesteatoma
  • Tympanosclerosis
  1. D/d of Acute Tonsillitis
    (MADI LoVe MAT)
  • Membranous tonsillitis
  • Agranulocytosis
  • Diphtheria
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • Ludwig’s angina
  • Vincent’s angina
  • Malignancy
  • Aphthous ulcer
  • Tonsillar cleft
  1. D/D of membrane over the tonsil
    (We Mainly Discuss At Length About Membrane In Tonsil)
  • We – Vincent’s angina
    Mainly – Malignancy
    Discuss – Diphtheria
    At – Agranulocytosis
    Length – Leukemia
    About – Aphthous ulcers
    Membrane – Membranous Tonsillitis
    In – Infectious mononucleosis
    Tonsil – Traumatic ulcer
  1. Gradenigo’s triad
  • Ear discharge
  • Abducens palsy
  • Retro orbital pain
  1. Indications of tympanoplasty

Age should be above 10yrs when sufficient resistance develops
Benign(tubotympanic disease) can be corrected
Conductive deafness can correct
Dry perforation gives best results
Eustachian tube should be functioning properly
Stapes should be mobile

  1. Causes of SNHL
  • Congenital Acquired Infection (CPP)
    Prenatal factors
    Paranatal factors
  • Nakshatra Makes FANSI TOPS
    Noise induced HL
    Meniere’s dz
    Familial Prog HL
    Ac. Neuroma
    Noise Induce HL
    Sudden HL
    Trauma to labyrinth/VIIITH Nv
    Ototoxic drugs
    Systemic Dz.
  1. Aetiology of Submucous Fibrosis.
    (STAMINA)Socio-economic status
    Areca Nuts
    Immune process
  2. Functions of Tracheostomy

Ventilation (Improves alveolar)
I PPR Protects the airways
Breathing (alternative pathway)
Administer anesthesia
Removal of secretions

  1. Sequelae of Otitis media


Learning Disability
Perforation of TM
Conductive HL
Ossicular Necrosis
Speech Impairment-Tympanosclerosis


Let’s get into the Pharmacology mnemonics related to ENT diseases. The most acceptable medication mnemonics for aspirants are here:

Ent mnemonics doctors medical graduates on the internet

  1. ACE inhibitor side effects (CAPTOPRIL):
  • Cough
  • Angioneurotic oedema
  • Proteinuria
  • Taste disturbance/ Teratogenic in 1st trimester
  • Other (fatigue, headache)
  • Potassium increased
  • Renal impairment
  • Itch
  • Low BP (1st dose)
  1. Beneficial effects of inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis i.e., paracetamol and NSAIDs (5 A’s):
  • Analgesia
  • Antipyretic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antithrombotic
  • Arteriosus (NSAIDs for closure of patent ductus arteriosus)
  1. Side effects of systemic corticosteroids (CORTICOSTEROIDS)

Cushing’s syndrome

  • OsteoporosisEnt mnemonics doctors medical graduates on the internet
  • Retardation of growth
  • Thin skin, easy bruising
  • Immunosuppression
  • Cataracts and glaucoma
  • Oedema
  • Suppression of HPA axis
  • Teratogenic
  • Emotional disturbance
  • Rise in BP
  • Obesity (truncal)
  • Increased hair growth (hirsutism)
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Striae
  1. Drugs that potentiate warfarin (O DEVICES)
  • Omeprazole
  • Disulfiram
  • Erythromycin
  • Valproate
  • Isoniazid
  • Ciprofloxacin and Cimetidine
  • Ethanol (acutely)
  • Sulphonamides
  1. Drugs that decrease the effectiveness of warfarin (PC BRAS)
  • Phenytoin
  • Carbamazepine
  • Barbiturates
  • Rifampicin
  • Alcohol (chronic use)
  • Sulphonylureas
  1. Side effects of sodium valproate (VALPROATE)
  • Vomiting
  • Alopecia
  • Liver toxicity
  • Pancreatitis/ Pancytopenia
  • Retention of fats (weight gain)
  • Oedema (peripheral)
  • Anorexia
  • Tremor
  • Enzyme inhibitor

Clinical Triad Mnemonics for Resident Ophthalmologists:

Ent mnemonics doctors medical graduates on the internet

  1. Major Corneal Stromal dystrophies, their abnormality, and staining:

(Marylin Monroe Always Gets Her Men in L. A. County)

  • Macular dystrophy – Mucopolysaccharide – Alcian blue
  • Granular dystrophy – Hyaline materials – Masson trichrome
  • Lattice dystrophy – Amyloid – Congo red
  1. Big is Large: BIGH3gene defect in:
  • Lattice
  • Avellino
  • Reis-Buckler’s
  • Granular
  • Empty
  1. Gelatinous Mac & CHED-AR: Autosomal recessive (AR) corneal dystrophies
  • Gelatinous drop-like
  • Macular
  • CHED
  1. Keratoconus Ocular Findings – “CONES”
  • Central Scarring & Fleischer Ring
  • Oil Drop Reflex/edema (hydrops)
  • Nerves prominent
  • Excessive bulging of a lower lid on down gaze (Munson’s Sign)
  • Striae (Vogt’s)
  1. Tearing and Excessive Lacrimation – “FACE”
  • Foreign Body or Corneal Abrasions
  • Acute glaucoma
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Emotion
  1. Drugs that Cause Cataract “ABCD”:
  • Amiodarone
  • Busulfan
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Dexamethasone
  1. Glaucoma: Anterior angle structures (posterior to anterior) – “I Can’t See This Stuff”
  • Iris
  • Ciliary body
  • Scleral spur
  • Trabecular meshwork
  • Schwalbe’s line
  1. Secondary Glaucoma “NIPPLES T “
  • Neovascular
  • Iridoschisis
  • PXF
  • Pigmentary
  • Lens (phacolytic/phacomorphic)
  • Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndromes
  • Seclusion Pupillae (in iritis)
  • Trauma (angle recession)
  1. Congenital corneal opacity/clouding – “STUMPED”
  • Sclerocornea
  • Tears in Descemet’s (trauma)
  • Ulcer
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis/Metabolic
  • Peter’s anomaly
  • Edema: Congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED)
  • Dermoid
  • Congenital toxoplasmosis (Sabin’s Triad) – Triad
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Intracranial calcifications
  • Chorioretinitis
  • Congenital syphilis (Hutchinson’s triad) – Triad
  • Interstitial keratitis
  • CN VIII deafness
  • Hutchinson’s teeth
  • Duane’s retraction syndrome subtypes – Count the “Ds”
  • Type 1: abDuction affected
  • Type 2: aDDuction affected
  • Type 3: abDuction and aDDuction affected
  1. Angioid streak etiology – “PEPSI HAM”
  • Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum
  • Paget’s disease of bone
  • Sickle cell anemia or a hemoglobinopathy (Thalassemias)
  • Idiopathic
  • Homocystinuria
  • Acromegaly
  • Marfans syndrome
  1. Susac syndrome – Triad
  • Encephalopathy
  • Hearing loss
  • Retinal artery branch occlusions
  1. Acute retinal necrosis – Triad
  • Occlusive retinal arteriolitis
  • Vitritis
  • Multifocal yellow-white peripheral retinitis
  1. Presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome:
  • Multiple white, atrophic choroidal scars (punched out) = “histo spots”
  • Peripapillary pigment changes
  • CNV (causing maculopathy and no vitreous cells)
  1. Cherry Red Spot – “Cherry Trees Never Grow Tall”
  • Central retinal artery occlusion
  • Tay-Sachs disease
  • Niemann-Pick Disease
  • Gaucher’s disease
  • Trauma (Berlin’s Edema)

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