Features of Aids and Accusation PDF
Aids and Accusation PDF-Does the scientific “theory” that HIV came to North America from Haiti stem from underlying attitudes of racism and ethnocentrism in the United States rather than from hard evidence? Award-winning author and anthropologist-physician Paul Farmer answers with this, the first full-length ethnographic study of AIDS in a poor society. First published in 1992 this new edition has been updated and a new preface added.
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Paul Edward Farmer (October 26, 1959 – February 21, 2022) was an American medical anthropologist and physician. Farmer held an MD and PhD from Harvard University, where he was the Kolokotrones University Professor and the chair of the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School. He was the co-founder and chief strategist of Partners In Health (PIH), an international non-profit organization that since 1987 has provided direct health care services and undertaken research and advocacy activities on behalf of those who are sick and living in poverty. He was professor of medicine and chief of the Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
Farmer and his colleagues in the U.S. and abroad pioneered novel community-based treatment strategies that demonstrate the delivery of high-quality health care in resource-poor settings in the U.S. and abroad. Their work is documented in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, The Lancet, The New England Journal of Medicine, Clinical Infectious Diseases, the British Medical Journal, and Social Science and Medicine.
Farmer wrote extensively on health and human rights, the role of social inequalities in the distribution and outcome of infectious diseases, and global health.
He was known as “the man who would cure the world”, as described in the book Mountains Beyond Mountains by Tracy Kidder. Paul Farmer & Partners in Health received the Peace Abbey Foundation Courage of Conscience Award in 2007 for saving lives by providing free health care to people in the world’s poorest communities and working to improve health care systems globally. The story of Partners In Health is also told in the 2017 documentary Bending the Arc. He was a proponent of liberation theology.
On April 24, 2021, Dr. Farmer was named Aurora Humanitarian, in recognition of his work with PIH.
Early life and education
Farmer was born in North Adams, Massachusetts, and raised in Weeki Wachee, Florida. He was the brother of former professional wrestler Jeff Farmer. He was a graduate of Hernando High School in Brooksville, Florida, where he was elected president of his senior class. He attended Duke University as a Benjamin N. Duke Scholar, graduating summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts in medical anthropology in 1982. After graduating from Duke, he began volunteering at a hospital in Cange, Haiti. Subsequently, he attended Harvard University, earning an MD and a PhD in medical anthropology in 1990, returning to Haiti multiple times during medical school to continue his work in Cange. He completed an internal medicine residency at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in 1993 and an infectious disease fellowship in 1996. Farmer was board certified in internal medicine and infectious disease.[
In 1987, Farmer, along with Jim Yong Kim, Ophelia Dahl, Thomas J. White and Todd McCormack, co-founded Partners In Health. PIH began in Cange in the Central Plateau of Haiti and at the time of Farmer’s death in February 2022 operated 16 sites across the country, with approximately 7,000 employees. Hôpital Universitaire de Mirebalais opened in 2013 and provides tertiary care to patients, including oncology and trauma surgery services. Partners In Health also works in Rwanda, Lesotho, Malawi, Mexico, Peru, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Russia, and the Navajo Nation. The University of Global Health Equity is an initiative of Partners In Health that started in 2015 and focused on delivering the highest quality of health care by addressing the critical social and systemic forces causing inequities and inefficiencies in health care delivery.
In 2003, the author Tracy Kidder wrote Mountains Beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer, a Man Who Would Cure the World, which describes Farmer’s work in Haiti, Peru, and Russia.
In May 2009, Farmer was named Chair of Harvard Medical School’s Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, succeeding Jim Yong Kim, his longtime friend and colleague. On December 17, 2010, Harvard University’s President, Drew Gilpin Faust, and the President and Fellows of Harvard College, named Farmer as a University Professor, the highest honor that the University can bestow on one of its faculty members.
In August 2009, Farmer was named United Nations Deputy Special Envoy to Haiti (serving under former U.S. President Bill Clinton), in his capacity as Special Envoy.
In December 2012, Farmer was appointed the United Nations Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Community Based Medicine and Lessons from Haiti.
Farmer was editor-in-chief of Health and Human Rights Journal. He was on the board of the Aristide Foundation for Democracy and was a co-founder and board member of the Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti. He was on the Board of PIVOT, a recently formed healthcare and research organization operating in Madagascar. He was a member of the Advisory Board of Incentives for Global Health, the NGO focused on developing the Health Impact Fund. He also served on the Global Advisory Council of GlobeMed, a student-driven global health organization that works through a partnership model. Farmer also served on the Advisory Board of Universities Allied for Essential Medicines, an international student-driven advocacy organization that works on issues of medicine development and affordability. Farmer was a board member of Kageno Worldwide, Inc., a community development agency that has worked in Kenya and Rwanda. He was also on the Board of Trustees for EqualHealth, which builds critical consciousness towards health equity.
Personal life and death
Farmer was married to Didi Bertrand Farmer, a Haitian medical anthropologist and community health specialist who has led several initiatives at Partners in Health. Her most recent work focuses on empowering girls and young women in Haiti and Rwanda. They had three children.
In February 2022, Farmer was one of 38 Harvard faculty to sign a letter to The Harvard Crimson defending Professor John Comaroff, who had been found to have violated the university’s sexual and professional conduct policies. After students filed a lawsuit with detailed allegations of Comaroff’s actions and the university’s failure to respond, Farmer was one of several signatories to say that he wished to retract his signature.
Farmer died in his sleep from an acute cardiac event in Butaro, Rwanda, on February 21, 2022, at the age of 62. Farmer had been involved in medical education at Butaro District Hospital and the Butaro campus of the University of Global Health Equity, which accepted its first class of medical students in 2019.
Fevers, Feuds, and Diamonds: Ebola and the Ravages of History. Paul Farmer. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2020. International Standard Book Number 978-0-374-23432-4 Farmer first visited the Western African Ebola virus epidemic site in July 2014, and he devotes much of the book to his personal experiences. Reviewing the outbreak in 2020, he noted that there were almost no Ebola deaths in the U.S. or Europe. By Farmer’s account, the West Africa Ebola death toll arose from the longstanding failure to invest in basic health infrastructure which resulted in a lack of proper medical care. Looking at the history of West Africa, Farmer blames the almost five centuries of European rule that resulted in the “rapacious extraction — of rubber latex, timber, minerals, gold, diamonds and human chattel” for the country’s inability to provide adequate health care.
AIDS and Accusation: Haiti and the Geography of Blame, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992, 1993, 2006 edition: International Standard Book Number 978-0-520-08343-1
The Uses of Haiti, Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1994, 2003, 2005 edition: International Standard Book Number 978-1-56751-242-7
Infections and Inequalities: The Modern Plagues, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999, revised 2001 edition: International Standard Book Number 978-0-520-22913-6
Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003, 2005 edition: International Standard Book Number 978-0-520-24326-2
Global Health in Times of Violence, co-edited with Barbara Rylko-Bauer and Linda Whiteford, School for Advanced Research Press, 2009 edition: International Standard Book Number 978-1-934691-14-4
Women, Poverty & AIDS: Sex, Drugs and Structural Violence (Series in Health and Social Justice), with coauthor Margaret Connors, Common Courage Press; Reprint edition (September 1996), International Standard Book Number 978-1-56751-074-4
Partner to the Poor: A Paul Farmer Reader. Ed. Haun Saussy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010, International Standard Book Number 978-0-520-25713-9
Haiti After the Earthquake, Ed. Abbey Gardner and Cassia van der Hoof Holstein. PublicAffairs, July 12, 2011, International Standard Book Number 978-1-58648-973-1
To Repair the World: Paul Farmer Speaks to the Next Generation. Ed. Jonathan Weigel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013. International Standard Book Number 978-0-520-27597-3
In the Company of the Poor: conversations between Dr. Paul Farmer and Fr. Gustavo Gutierrez. Ed. Michael Griffin and Jennie Weiss Block. Orbis Books, 2013: International Standard Book Number 978-1-62698-050-1
Reimagining Global Health. Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, Arthur Kleinman, and Matthew Basilico. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013. International Standard Book Number 978-0-520-27199-9
Awards and recognition
Farmer was the recipient of numerous honors, including the Bronislaw Malinowski Award and the Margaret Mead Award from the Society for Applied Anthropology, the Outstanding International Physician (Nathan Davis) Award from the American Medical Association, a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, and, with his Partners In Health colleagues, the Hilton Humanitarian Prize. He was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, from which he was awarded the 2018 Public Welfare Medal. In 2020, he was awarded the million-dollar Berggruen Prize.
1993: MacArthur Fellowship
1999: Margaret Mead Award, American Anthropological Association and Society for Applied Anthropology, for “Infections and Inequalities”
2002: Outstanding International Physician Award (Nathan Davis Award), American Medical Association
2005: Conrad N. Hilton Humanitarian Prize (awarded to Partners In Health)
2005: Rudolf Virchow Award, Professional Prize (with Dr. Arachu Castro), Society for Medical Anthropology[circular reference]
2006: Union Medal, Union Theological Seminary
2006: Honorary Doctor of Laws, Princeton University
2007: Honorary Doctor of Science, Emory University
2007: The Peace Abbey Foundation Courage of Conscience Award
2009: Recipient of the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement presented by Awards Council member Archbishop Desmond Tutu at an awards ceremony at St. Georges Cathedral in Cape Town, South Africa
2009: Honorary Doctor of Letters, Columbia University
2010: Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Pennsylvania
2010: S. Roger Horchow Award for Greatest Public Service by a Private Citizen, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards
2011: named by Foreign Policy magazine to its list of top global thinkers
2011: Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, University of South Florida
2011: Doctor of Humane Letters, Honoris Causa, Georgetown University
2012: Honorary Doctor of Science, Northwestern University
2013: Honorary Doctor of Science, American University
2013: Sword of Loyola, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine
2015: Blessed are the Peacemakers Award, Catholic Theological Union
2015: Forbes 400 Lifetime Achievement Award For Social Entrepreneurship
2016: Bronislaw Malinowski Award, Society for Applied Anthropology
2018: Public Welfare Medal, National Academy of Sciences
2018: Elected to the American Philosophical Society
2019: Honorary Doctor of Laws, McGill University
2019: Gold Medal for Distinguished Service to Humanity, The National Institute of Social Sciences
2020: Recipient of the million dollar Berggruen Prize for Philosophy and Culture
2021: Aurora Humanitarian, in recognition of his work with PIH
2022: Inamori Ethics Prize
Dimensions and Characteristics of Aids and Accusation PDF
- Publisher : University of California Press; 1st edition (April 1, 2006)
- Language : English
- Paperback : 372 pages
- International Standard Book Number-10 : 0520248392
- International Standard Book Number-13 : 978-0520248397
- Item Weight : 1.1 pounds
- Dimensions : 6 x 0.9 x 9 inches
- Book Name : Aids and Accusation PDF
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claire desjardins “L’auteur est un médecin qui a fait des observations sur le terrain pendant dix ans. Il a donc une vue privilégiée du dossier sida. Il confirme que le sida ne vient pas de Haiti mais bien des USA vers Haiti. À lire absolument!”
Aids and Accusation PDF
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